2016 Oncology Pharmacy Guide to New FDA Approvals

The Journal of Hematology Oncology Pharmacy has published its first annual Oncology Pharmacy Guide to New FDA Approvals with the goal of providing pharmacists and other healthcare stakeholders with a comprehensive review of pharmaceuticals that were newly approved, or that received important new indications, by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the previous year. The current 2016 edition represents the first year of publication of this Guide by the Journal of Hematology Oncology Pharmacy.
The number of oncology trials seeking new indications for new and known agents is continuing to grow at a fevered pitch. The fruition of this work is now being realized; in the past 12 months, there have been 36 hematology/oncology drug approvals, 18 of which involved new drug entities.
The drugs included in this review were approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2015 and are grouped into the following categories.
Lung cancer is the second most common cancer in the United States. In 2015, an estimated 221,200 new cases of lung cancer were diagnosed, representing 13.3% of all new cancer cases. Furthermore, lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in men and women, responsible for 27% of all cancer deaths, and claiming more lives than breast, colon, prostate, and ovarian cancers combined.
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) are common hematologic malignancies that represent a significant burden to patients and to the healthcare system. In light of the morbidity, mortality, and quality-of-life challenges associated with CLL and NHL, there is a marked need for additional therapeutic options for patients with these malignancies.
Multiple myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells in the bone marrow that often leads to bone destruction and bone marrow failure. According to the American Cancer Society, more than 26,800 new cases of multiple myeloma were diagnosed in 2015, and 11,240 deaths were attributed to the disease.
Multiple myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells in the bone marrow that often leads to bone destruction and bone marrow failure. According to the American Cancer Society, more than 26,800 new cases of multiple myeloma were diagnosed in 2015, and 11,240 deaths were attributed to the disease.
Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia (WM), also known as lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, is an indolent subtype of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. WM is characterized by malignant B-cells that overproduce the abnormal monoclonal protein known as immunoglobulin (Ig) M or macroglobulin.
Melanoma represents the most dangerous form of skin cancer. According to recent data, the 5-year relative survival rate for Americans with distant melanoma is only 17%. The National Cancer Institute estimated that in 2015 there were 73,870 new cases of skin melanoma and more than 9900 patients died from this disease. In the United States, the total estimated national expenditures for the treatment of melanoma reached $2.8 billion in 2015.
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the United States among men and women. The most common type of the disease, non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of all lung cancer cases. NSCLC comprises several disease histologies, including adenocarcinoma, squamous-cell carcinoma, nonsquamous carcinoma, large-cell anaplastic carcinoma, and adenosquamous carcinoma.
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